Order of Operations NOTES
In the concept map below, various aspects of algebra are found, as well as how the aspects relate to different parts of "language" such as nouns, verbs, and pronouns.
An exponent is "shorthand" for the repeated multiplication of the same factor (base). Once the pattern is learned, the writing out "longhand" of the exponent is called expanded notation.
Said: Three raised to the fourth
power for 34
In algebra, recognition of and use of patterns is very important. In arithmetic, very short numerical expressions were presented and you were asked to "solve" or "find the answer". Now, with algebra, the expressions can be longer and more complex, as well as contain not only numbers and operators, but variables (letters) inside the expression. Numerical expressions are made of numbers and operators. Algebraic expressions are made of numbers and variables with operators.
Simplifying an expression basically is lessening (getting rid of) the operators as much as possible. When asked to "simplify" a given expression, first it should be determined what type of expression (numerical or algebraic) is given. If it is numerical, then the expression's simplification will follow the "rules" (see Order of Operation below) and result in one number. If the expression is algebraic, the simplification still follows the order of operations, but only with "like terms"... called "combining like terms". The simplification will have variable(s), a number and usually at least one operator in it.
Basically "4" steps:
A "visual" representation of these rules:
Different Ways to Show Multiplication:
Different Ways to Show
Translating scenarios into algebraic statements is important to be able to do when solving questions with algebra. Recognizing patterns and being able to convert them into algebraic terms is one of the primary goals of learning algebra. The following are some words commonly used for the four common operators of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
Common words used in English:
*see "Tricky Translations" below
Translating English phrases into algebraic phrases is an important part of learning to use algebra as a tool to find solutions to everyday questions. In English, there are sometimes several ways to express a situation. In algebra, there is not multiple ways of expressing a situation and translating "English" to "algebraic terms" needs to be done with care.